PEP (post exposure prophylaxis) in precise

PEP (post exposure prophylaxis) is a treatment given persons within 72 hours of possible exposure, who gets exposed to HIV infection. By this process one can be prevented from becoming HIV positive. As, an HIV positive remains positive for life. In such cases one has to continue anti-retroviral drugs for life. Till date there is no medication that can eradicate this virus from body when body is HIV positive. So if one gets exposed to HIV infection, this PEP treatment come into play. This treatment is started within 72 hours of possible exposure of HIV infection and the course of medication is for 28-30 days. This treatment includes set of anti-retroviral drugs that is to be continued for 28-30 days without any discontinuation.

Two types of PEP therapy are there- nPEP (non-occupational PEP) and oPEP (occupational PEP). In both the cases PEP treatment is indicated after possible exposure to HIV infection. And follow-up testing is done at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks. By implementing this treatment plan by PEP specialist, the invasion of HIV infection into the circulatory system is prevented.

HIV_PEP_Post (2)


HIV infection exposure can be due to many reasons like, sexual intercourse with anonymous or having multiple partners, bisexual activities, any needle prick, repetition of single needle use by drug abuse persons, blood contamination and exposure during accidents, and in case of sexual assault. The collapse of immune cells of immune system specifically T-lymphocytes, CD3, CD4 and CD8 cells makes body vulnerable to opportunistic infections and thus resulting in difficult and compromised immune system.

PEP treatment is the treatment indicated within 72 hours of possible HIV exposure. Dr. Vinod Raina is a well-known PEP specialist in Delhi. His center SAFE HANDS is a complete home for the PEP treatment in Delhi. You can visit him at SAFE HANDS, C/O Dr. Vinod Raina, E-34 Ekta apartments, Saket, near Malviya Nagar Metro Station, New Delhi, 110017.


HIV is a deadly disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus. This virus exposure to human body makes a person HIV positive and causes AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). This virus when enters the blood, makes the body fluid including blood and other body fluids like saliva, vaginal fluids, semen infected. All these body fluids become sources of infection to other persons who come in contact with the HIV infected person.

The exposure to HIV can be due to many reasons like sexual intercourse with any sex worker, or any intimacy during body massage, any needle prick or sharp instrument injury during any dental or other surgical procedures if sterilization is not done under protocols, blood transfusion if blood is infected, and congenital if any of the partner if already HIV positive and has conceived and thus the fetus (unborn baby) becomes HIV positive, in cases of drug abuse patients due to the regular and anonymous use of needles for the intake of drugs.

After the entry of this virus in human body, it takes time to show its presence by having the signs and symptoms. The early signs and symptoms of HIV takes around two to three months to occur or sometimes after longer period of time, a person feels that the body is not working properly and continuous illness of body is felt by the infected one.

The early signs and symptoms of HIV positive patients include fever, rashes, headache, feeling sick, body ache, headache, moth ulcers, sore throat, night sweats, swollen glands, swollen and bleeding gums, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. When these symptoms are present in a patient, its called as Seroconversion illness. Remember, not everyone has these symptoms, and sometimes these are mistaken for flu or other viral infections.

If not treated, this HIV enters the blood of a person that leads to the destruction of immune cells of body and the body becomes prone to many (around 30) opportunistic infections and the person remains HIV positive for life. In such cases when a person becomes HIV positive, one has to take medicines for life so to improvise the life a person. But after a person becomes HIV positive, it is mandatory to take medicines for life and such cases cannot be treated by any means. HIV positive means Positive for life. Any kind of physical contact having contact of body fluids with such persons becomes a source of HIV infection for the others.


The signs and symptoms of HIV should never be ignored. Many people become victim of this deadly disease by ignoring the signs and symptoms even after having the complete knowledge of HIV exposure. When one knows that by any means of factors, exposure has taken place, and then no ignorance should play any part. A simple ignorance can make you life time victim of this deadly disease. The only way to diagnose whether one has HIV (HIV POSITIVE), is only the way of laboratory investigations. Through those tests it can be detected one is HIV positive or not.

In any case exposure to HIV infection is felt, rush to HIV specialist on immediate basis to prevent your life from this deadly virus and from becoming HIV positive.

For more details, call us on 9136363692 or visit our clinic SAFE HANDS- Multispecialty polyclinic for HIV, E34 Ekta Apartments, Saket, near Maliviya Nagar Metro Station Gate 04. New Delhi 110017